Let’s go to the bottom of the matter! Depending on the type of pond or aquarium you have, you will have to choose the appropriate substrate for it. It is a material or product that fulfils several vital functions within the conformation of an aquarium ecosystem. When adding it, it is the basic sustenance of each plant and it is perfect because it makes them grow strong and therefore they can be the ideal source for the refuge of several fish. A substrate contains several nutrients, including various minerals that are the organic vitamin of each plant. After this process of implantation, the work of the bacteria begins, which fasts to reduce all the components that have been described so that they can be used to the maximum for each type of plant.
It is ideal that you can use aquarium gravel that is stable and complete. But these types of products are difficult to find when you have a wide range of offers, so we have chosen the most beneficial options for your ecosystem. References: https://www.fishtanksetups.com/best-substrate-for-planted-tank/.
How to know what type of substrate to buy?
In this case, you should know more about what the substrate cycle is like to understand which product to look for. Here comes the term gravel, it must be washed before it is introduced into a tank. To clean it you should never use products such as detergent or soap, this would alter its functionality. A substrate must have the capacity to be incorporated over time. This is where you should act syphoning the bottom of the aquarium, at this point, it is better to use a clean tube that helps keep it stable. You must act delicately so as not to alter the action of each fertilizer that has been incorporated.
There are different types of substrates and each one fulfils a similar function but its texture may be less or more beneficial to the ecosystem. For this, it is important to ask for advice or to understand well the type of product that is about to be acquired. As you begin to think about the details to set up your new aquarium, there are many decisions you must make. You will have to decide what species of fish you will have in your aquarium and what type of equipment you will use to maintain the quality of the water. Another important decision that should not be overlooked is choosing the right substrate for the type of fish tank you plan to keep.
The substrate fulfils vital functions in the ecosystem formed in the aquarium. It is the sustenance of the plants and can give refuge to the fish. In it live essential bacteria for the development of the system. These bacteria are responsible for breaking down waste and converting it into nutrients. Mineral and organic nutrients are housed in the substrate that will be used by the plants. The bacteria fulfill the function of reducing the aforementioned nutrients so that they can be absorbed by the plants. Some nutrients like iron cannot be taken by plants if they are not reduced.
The reduction consists of transforming the iron oxide (Fe + 3) into Fe + 2. The difference is that after the iron is reduced, the negative zones in the bottom attract the positive ions and retain them until the plants take them by their roots. Bacteria are responsible for breaking down the waste of plants and fish. Also the foods not consumed. When arming a new aquarium, it is necessary to allow time for the colonies of bacteria to form, before introducing fish or plants. It is best to use gravel from a stable aquarium in full operation. It is also valid to buy bacteria from specialized stores to avoid virgin aquarium syndrome, which could kill fish due to high levels of ammonia in the water
Factors to consider in choosing the substrate:
When it comes to choosing the perfect substrate for your aquarium, there are a number of different factors that you should consider. First, the substrate for a freshwater tank is very different from the one that needs a saltwater tank. In a freshwater tank, the substrate plays an important role aesthetically, although it can also support plant life and provide space for the growth of beneficial bacteria. In contrast, in a seawater tank, the substrate often serves the additional purpose of helping to modify the pH of the water or other aspects of tank chemistry.
For a freshwater tank, you should think about whether you intend to grow natural (live) plants in the future, as well as raise fish. It is also important to find out if the species of tropical fish that you are going to have needed some kind of special substrate. On the other hand, for a saltwater tank, the choice of substrate can also be determined by the inhabitants of the tank: the fish that live on reefs may have different requirements than other types of saltwater fish.
General description of the different substrates that you can choose:
There are many different types of aquarium substrates to choose from, but as you have learned, some work better for certain types of aquariums than others. Next, I will explain what the most popular options are and we will give you some advice on what type of tank they are most suitable for.
Gravel: one of the most popular substrates for freshwater tanks. The gravel comes in a variety of different sizes and colours, so it gives a lot of leeway for an aquarium decoration. On the other hand, it does not have any impact on the chemical parameters of the aquarium, but not consumed food and other waste can seep through it, so regular aspiration is essential.
Sand: widely recognized as one of the cleanest substrates. Sand tends to compact, which prevents food particles and other debris from penetrating through the surface. This type of substrate is a popular choice for freshwater tanks with a natural decoration scheme.